The Origins of Capitalism

The Origins of Capitalism is a central area of intellectual concern within Marxism. The discussion (often referred to as the Transition Debate) extends back to the 19th Century, and spans a number of disciplines and theoretical perspectives (in some cases discussed as a transition to ‘industrial’ or ‘market’ society). A full and comprehensive list of this material is beyond the means of the website. Nonetheless, the material organised in the links below outlines the first coherent dialogues on this topic, as well as important additional sources that have deepened the discussion since. The different reading lists are enumerated in chronological order.

The Dobb-Sweezy Debate

The Brenner Debate

Transitions to Capitalism: England vs. France